Differences in Recovery After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting or Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass
Keywords:CABG method, OPCAB method, postoperative complication, intensive care unit
Background. The main part of the study was to determine the lower frequency of postoperative complications and fewer days spent in hospital and in the intensive care unit postoperatively, among patients operated on using the OPCAB method, as opposed to those operated on using the CABG method.
Methods: In a cross-sectional, epidemiological study, data were collected and processed from the medical database. The parameters taken into consideration were: the incidence of postoperative complications, the number of days spent in the intensive care unit postoperatively and the number of days spent in the hospital postoperatively.
Main findings: From a total of 60 patients operated on at the Department of Cardiac Surgery, 8.33% of patients had postoperative complications. Half of the patients underwent CABG surgery and 13.3% had postoperative complications. The other half who underwent OPCAB surgery had 3.3% postoperative complications. CABG patients spent an average of 2.57 days in the intensive care unit, whereas OPCAB patients spent 2.17 days there.
Principal conclusion: There is no statistically significant difference in the number of days spent in the intensive care unit and the incidence of postoperative complications between patients operated by on using the CABG or the OPCAB method.